Key news and published articles

  • Women in business in the Upper Hunter

    Wednesday, 25 September, 2019

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    Women in business in the Upper Hunter was a focus of the HRF Centre’s Upper Hunter Economic breakfast in Muswellbrook on 11 September.

    Dr Anthea Bill, lead economist for the HRF Centre, presented data on the proportion of female-led businesses in the Upper Hunter and how they perform against their male-run counterparts.

    The HRF Centre has been recording the gender of the business owners and decision makers, interviewed as part of its Business Pulse, since December 2013. The female share of operators has grown a little over that time from 44 per cent to 46 per cent in 2019. This is on par with the latest Australian Taxation Office figures, which show around 45 per cent of Australia's small business operators are women. This number continues to grow.

    Female-operated Upper Hunter* businesses are more likely to be in the health and social assistance and the education sectors than those operated by men. A greater proportion of women than men are running businesses with 11-50 employees within the Upper Hunter, in contrast to the national trend. Women are less likely than men to be self-employed.

    There is no substantial difference in profitability, levels of trading or hiring in businesses operated by men and women within the Upper Hunter. Businesses operated by women are more likely to be exporting than those run by men.

    Three women who lead or operate businesses in the Upper Hunter spoke about their experiences at the breakfast. They answered questions from the 200-strong audience.

    Dr Kirsten Molloy, CEO of the Hunter Valley Coal Chain Coordinator (HVCCC), gave a presentation on her career path in the male-dominated mining sector. Prior to her role at HVCCC, Dr Molloy was a Business Manager for Orica Mining Services in South-East Australia following a range of other executive commercial and technical roles over 16 years at Orica.

    Dr Molloy said her professional experiences spurred her efforts to support gender diversity in leadership, particularly in STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) related fields.

    “When I entered the workforce as a graduate, there were women all around me,” she said. “By my early 30s, I was often the only woman in the room. We are going backwards in gender diversity.”

    The number of female CEOs in the ASX 200 has dropped, according to the Chief Executive Women’s (CEW) ASX200 census just released, Dr Molloy said. This census also shows a lack of women in line roles at the senior level that lead to CEO or CFO roles. There are lots more women in functional roles, in IT, human resources and compliance, which typically do not lead to CEO roles. While around half of Australia’s graduates are women - Australia leads the world in educating women according to the World Economic Forum – we rank 39th in the world when it comes to overall gender equity, she said.

    Dr Molloy is co-founder and Chair of the Equal Futures Project in the Hunter, and the Hunter Diversity Awards supporting diversity, equity and inclusion. She is also founder of Verity Leadership, which aims to ensure leadership ranks reflect the diversity of society.

    Dr Molloy joined Joplin Higgins of Joplin Lawyers and Claire Quigley of Launchpad9 on a panel at the breakfast to discuss their aspirations, challenges and successes.

    Joplin Higgins’ business employs 20 people (18 of them women) across three legal offices in the Hunter. When asked what motivated her to start her own business, Ms Higgins said she had identified a ‘hole in the market’ in servicing women, particularly in domestic violence cases.

    “I wanted to provide a safety net for my clients,” she said. “I wanted them to enter into a partnership with me as opposed to them being just a number in the system.”

    Ms Higgins also tries to create career pathways for the women she employs, offering training, career coaching and flexible working hours.

    “The main vision of Joplin Lawyers is to service women in our community and provide a service to regional Australia,” she said.

    Business innovation coach Claire Quigley was asked whether women bring different qualities than men to running businesses. While stating she usually viewed male and female entrepreneurs and business owners as equal, she was able to identify some differences within her client base.

    “Female business owners often come later into the game, having had another career or children. This tends to make us very much aware that confidence in an idea is not enough. I think that is a great attribute to have. Women will ask, who can help me, rather than trying to go it alone, which is more typical of male entrepreneurs.

    “The second attribute is perseverance. My Dad calls me a little terrier because I won’t be diverted from that passion that drives an idea. Many female entrepreneurs and business owners tend to invest more personally. We don’t tend to go down the typical path of raising capital from the outset. We are more likely to say, hey, let’s start with this and see how we go.

    “Thirdly, women tend to be much more aware of the social impact they can have, as well as the economic impact.”

    Ms Quigley cited a McKinsey report that estimates that creating gender parity between male and female entrepreneurs and business operators by 2025 in Australia would generate an additional $225 billion in GDP over and above today’s level.

    When questioned about what strategies she believes would encourage greater gender diversity, Dr Molloy replied: “the current leadership base making different decisions”.

    “The massive amount of denial and inertia around this is amazing,” she said. “Because it has been fairly topical for so long, there is a perception out there that it is solved. It is far from solved and it is not just gender inequality. It is in ethnicity, sexual orientation and a whole raft of other groups that are under-represented in leadership.”

    All three of the speakers had encountered substantial barriers in pursuing their careers. They have all balanced family life with work. Each of them offered valuable advice to young women entering business.

    “Believe in yourself and your talent. Accept training and never take no for an answer,” said Ms Higgins.

    “Be articulate, strong and clear on what you want and don’t want,” Ms Quigley advised. “Know in your core what you are going for and be prepared to fail for it. I have had multiple different careers in my lifetime and have learned not to be afraid to fail.”

    Dr Molloy stressed the importance of building support networks.

    “You will encounter challenges in having a career, it will get tough,” she counselled. “It is important to create your own personal ‘board of directors’, who you can go to for advice and who can help you to deal with issues and problems.”

    The HRF Centre’s breakfast series theme for 2019 is Collaboration and Vision. Visit our website for more information on our remaining events.

    *Upper Hunter region – Singleton, Muswellbrook and Upper Hunter Local Government Areas

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  • Designing inclusive cities

    Wednesday, 25 September, 2019

    Ellie-Cosgrove

    Cities around the world, including Newcastle and Lake Macquarie in the Hunter, are embracing ‘smart city’ technologies. The City of Newcastle’s multi award-winning Smart City Program, for instance, envisions a connected, digitally-enabled, and sustainable future for Novocastrians. The City has successfully received significant funding from both State and Federal governments in support of Newcastle’s smart city transition.

    Newcastle is increasingly part of a global economy, created by smart cities, that is predicted to amount to $US507 billion by 2020. Investment in this burgeoning economy by local businesses and governments can benefit with guidance from a practical framework developed by Dr Ellie Cosgrave, keynote speaker at this year's Smaller & Smarter Cities: international symposium.The Symposium will be held in Newcastle from 9 to 11 October.

    Dr Cosgrave is a leading civil engineer, director of the Urban Innovation and Policy Lab, and lecturer in Urban Innovation at University College London. Her work explores how smart infrastructure impacts social, political and economic processes.

    It is not all plain sailing creating a ‘perfect’ city, she warns. Advances in technology-orientated urban design and policy have the capacity to magnify existing inequalities in our cities. This risk is particularly prevalent in a political context where private interests are more protected than public interests, Dr Cosgrave says. In other words, smart city technologies have the potential to create an urban landscape that results in increasing social divisions according to wealth, gender and race.

    That can occur just through the process of gathering and presenting data, according to publications of Professor Rob Kitchin, an international expert on city indicators based at the National University of Ireland. The selection of key indicators of urban mobility or rental prices, for example, has integral to it the politics of power groups aiming for particular investments or outcomes.

    However, it is possible for digital technologies to transform cities for the better if designers are cognisant of these sorts of social impacts, Dr Cosgrave says. She explores how, and where, more conscious design is possible as co-presenter with renowned urbanist, Professor Greg Clark, of the BBC podcast, My Perfect City.

    The podcast opens with the greeting, “If you’re listening to this while battling against city life on a packed commuter train, headphones on to block out the noise of outside, running in a park while breathing in the fumes, well perhaps you would like to join us in imagining what a perfect city would be like to live in.”

    The podcast highlights examples from global cities with solutions to modern urban issues. For example, Seoul is increasing employment opportunities in health, education and caring industries to compensate for jobs lost to technology. Paris has introduced participatory budgeting, where citizens can democratically vote on funding to improve their city. Glasgow has more than halved its homicide rate through a public health intervention that tackles crime as a product of inequality and disenfranchisement in urban life.

    Central to these successful innovations in city life is the design paradigm that posits that inequality reflects a choice, Dr Cosgrave proposes. She says that public space and infrastructure professionals design for their own experience. The majority of these professionals are men. They imagine possibilities and places based on their own understanding of what is good, what works for men like them. That can mean neglect for considerations of women, children, the aged, disabled, and those from other cultural backgrounds.

    Examples of exclusion in public spaces abound, she explains. Globally, women make up fewer than 30 per cent of cyclists in cities. Within that cohort, older women and those of Asian and Latin descent were disproportionately under-represented. However, women cyclists are over-represented in the Netherlands and Denmark. In those countries, more inclusive cycling infrastructure has resulted from public planning that takes seriously the safety concerns of women.

    To support more inclusive design, Dr Cosgrave co-founded ScienceGrrl, an organisation to attract and retain women and girls in STEM fields.

    Dr Cosgrave’s work tells us that the success of any city is contingent on its ability to serve all of its people, making that a central focus of design rather than an afterthought.

    Dr Ellie Cosgrave’s keynote address, Designing inclusive cities, is on Thursday, 10 October. Register your place now at http://www.newcastle.edu.au/smaller-smarter-cities.

    This opinion piece by Professor Will Rifkin, Director, HRF Centre, was published in the Newcastle Herald on Wednesday, 25 September 2019

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  • Megatrends shaping our future topic at Smaller & Smarter Cities Symposium

    Tuesday, 24 September, 2019

    Stefan-Hajkowicz

    What can we see today that suggests what the future will look like? How might new technologies change the way that we live, work and play? How can we prepare for this future? These questions have been investigated in a multi-year study, with the findings to be shared in Newcastle early next month.

    Lead researcher in this effort, Dr Stefan Hajkowicz is director of CSIRO's Data61 Insight Team and author of Global Megatrends: Seven patterns of change shaping our future. He will deliver a keynote address at this year's Smaller & Smarter Cities: International Symposium hosted in Newcastle by the HRF Centre.

    Returning for its second year, the Smaller & Smarter Cities: International Symposium will take place from October 10 to 11. Delegates will join a range of expert speakers to debate and analyse what it means to achieve sustainable development in major non-capital cities here and abroad.

    The concept of a 'megatrend' was introduced in 1982 by academic John Naisbitt. It is intended to suggest a narrative about the future addressing environmental, economic and social conditions. In this domain of strategic foresight, Dr Hajkowicz is a leading scholar and a valuable addition to the symposium program.

    Dr Hajkowicz's CSIRO's Data61 Insights Team has completed numerous research consultancies and hundreds of briefings, seminars and workshops on megatrends. Their report, Our Future World, launched in June of this year, identifies eight megatrends reshaping the global business landscape. They are:

    • More from less - increasing demand for limited natural resources
    • Planetary pushback - from global to microbial scales, we face a range of challenges from superbugs to climate change
    • The Silk Highway - rapid economic growth and urbanisation in Asia and the developing world
    • On the move - more mobility than ever before - now is a good time to think about transport and logistics
    • Forever young - an ageing population, new patterns of chronic illness and rising healthcare expenditure
    • Digital immersion - technology reshaping retail and office precincts, city design and function, and labour markets
    • Intelligent machines - artificial intelligence is on the rise as we move to a world of autonomous machines, and
    • Keeping it real - in a virtual world, the marginal value of the 'real' world will grow - keep sight of the human dimension.

    The forces that create megatrends develop over decades. When they do come to fruition, however, they can hit with explosive force. Consider the disruption of the taxi industry by the ride-sharing app phenomenon, an example pointed to by Dr Hajkowicz. Preparing for such dramatic changes before they hit is incumbent on businesses and government, Dr Hajkowicz argues.

    "The change heralded by megatrends lies beyond our direct control but not beyond our influence," he says. "By getting a picture of how the world is changing and what these megatrends are, we can alter our destiny."

    What global megatrends are we facing in the Hunter?

    Regional cities are moving away from the traditional manufacturing and agricultural industries that powered their growth over the 20th century toward more professional and service-based economies. For example, the largest employment sector in this region is health and social services. The likely effects of these global megatrends on non-capital cities, like ours, will be explored by symposium delegates.

    Today's era of increasingly-rapid change in the digital world sees "opportunity and threat coming together," according to Dr Hajkowicz. CSIRO's Data61's initiative is seeking to equip Australian industry and society with the most advanced technologies in artificial intelligence, machine learning, predictive analytics and informatics that can power our industrial productivity and competitiveness over the next decade.

    The output of Data61 is wide ranging and with some potentially significant developments. The effort includes soil mapping for farmers to better understand potential profitability; a solution for detecting and monitoring black lung disease; flood modelling systems; and Hovermap technology, which achieved the first autonomous out-of-sight and underground drone flight. On the environmental front, they have developed habitat-protecting robots in the Amazon and collected data on nitrogen levels in the Great Barrier Reef.

    Dr Hajkowicz develops decision models - designed to help government, business and communities to make smarter decisions about the future. These models have guided investments worth hundreds of millions of dollars, for example, informing federal and state governments on critical policy choices.

    Dr Hajkowicz will deliver his keynote address, Global megatrends reshaping the way we live, work and play, on Thursday October 10. He will also host a clinic at the symposium:Strategic imperatives for the Hunter from megatrends to practical solutions.Register now.

    This opinion piece by Professor Will Rifkin was published in the Newcastle Herald on Saturday, 21 September 2019

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  • Regional city economies are sleeping giants

    Monday, 2 September, 2019

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    More than half of humanity now lives in cities, a proportion expected to grow to three-quarters by 2050. How are they doing, and what is Greater Newcastle’s role in responding to this trend within Australia?

    As a key indicator of wellbeing, the United Nations (UN) has started tracking the liveability of cities. Access to affordable housing, health care, clean air, public transport and adequate waste management are the critical measures of liveability that the UN will be watching.

    Australia’s capital cities are already showing signs of strain. Sydney and Melbourne, as we have noted previously, are homes to 40 per cent of the country’s population - 10 million people. Expected population growth will intensify competition to access opportunities for quality education and training, satisfying jobs, infrastructure and services. It is vital that we look outside our capitals to build on the economic opportunities that smaller cities and regions can offer and to create vibrant communities.

    Australia’s larger regional cities (with populations greater than 50,000) experience greater housing affordability, lower crime rates, less congestion and less marked inequality when compared to their capital counterparts, according to the Regional Australia Institute. They collectively represent an economy equivalent to the size of Finland. Here in the Hunter, the Gross Regional Product amounts to more than $50 billion annually. That is more than Tasmania, the Northern Territory or the ACT.

    This economic capability is complemented by their functionality as an outlet for capital city population and their roles as regional hubs. They provide regions with access to health care, education and financial resources. These cities thus occupy a key niche in the country’s socio-economic ‘ecosystem’.

    The potential of such cities was highlighted in the inaugural Second Cities: Smaller and Smarter Symposium in 2018, the first gathering of its kind in Australia. The forum enabled the 220 participants to learn more about leveraging opportunities in our non-capital cities while resolving urgent urban and regional challenges.

    This year’s Smaller & Smarter Cities: International Symposium is structured around the highest priorities identified at the conclusion of the 2018 event. It will present leading national and international practices on:

    1. socio-economic diversification and resilience
    2. collaboration across government, industry and community
    3. identity and positioningto promote the region as a place to live, invest and visit.

    The opening keynote address on 10 October will be delivered by Nigel Jacob - co-founder of New Urban Mechanics (NUM) in the Boston mayor’s office. The NUM team have been recognised as being at the forefront of urban design since soon after their formation in 2010. The challenges they are addressing are becoming increasingly prevalent in cities around the world.

    Working experimentally, Jacob has created a risk-tolerant culture at NUM. They have collaborated with government, artists and architects to trial Plugin housing (easily assembled temporary shelters). In pursuing better access across the city, they have developed micro mobility in the form of e-scooters and autonomous vehicle transport. They have also invested in city climate resilience through measures such as flood-resistant public spaces, among many other innovations.

    “We’re committed to finding new ways to collaborate with our community beyond the traditional model,” Jacob said in an interview earlier this year. “It may be about technology, but it may also not be about technology. It is really about understanding people in new ways.”

    Jacob has been named a Public Official of the Year by Governing Magazine, earned a White House ‘Champion of Change’ award, and won the Tribeca ‘Disruptive Innovation’ award.

    He is one of 30 national and international speakers and panellists confirmed for the Smaller and Smarter Cities: International Symposium. They are real-world practitioners in business, planning, management, consultancy and government coming together to help us to explore an inclusive and sustainable future for Greater Newcastle.

    The symposium runs 9-11 October. Find out more at www.newcastle.edu.au/smaller-smarter-cities

    This opinion piece by Prof. Will Rifkin, Director, HRF Centre was published in the Newcastle Herald on 31 August 2019.

    The contribution was researched by graduate intern, Alice Peart. The HRF Centre is leading the delivery of the Smaller & Smarter Cities: International Symposium in partnership with the City of Newcastle, the Hunter and Central Coast Development Corporation, Hunter Water, AECOM and sponsors.

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  • Lucy Turnbull on collaboration and influence

    Monday, 5 August, 2019

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    Lucy Turnbull AO, Chief Commissioner for the Greater Sydney Commission, spoke on collaboration and influence at the HRF Centre’s economic breakfast in July.

    Ms Turnbull drew insights from her diverse career. She left a legal practice in 1999 to move into local government, becoming Sydney’s first female Lord Mayor in 2003-04. She subsequently became Chair of the Committee for Sydney and the Greater Sydney Commission in 2015. She spoke about the value of such bodies to foster collaboration.

    “Organisations like the Committee for Sydney, and the Committee for the Hunter, have a huge role to play in championing and articulating what is important for the city or the region,” she stated.

    Their power lies in the capacity to bring multiple stakeholders, with multiple interests and perspectives, to the discussion table.

    “It is where everyone has a common purpose: to make their city, or their region, work as well as it can. Having that multiplicity of voices is really important,” she said.

    The Committee for Sydney strongly encouraged founding of the Greater Sydney Commission. The Commission, established by NSW Minister for Planning Rob Stokes in 2015, is responsible for alignment in strategic planning and infrastructure development in Greater Sydney. It brings together government departments and agencies with a focus on collaboration and engagement.

    “While we were preparing our plans, the Greater Sydney Commission directly engaged with 25,000 people,” Ms Turnbull said. “We held 500 events with communities, local government and industry and received a lot of submissions. Our draft plans were reviewed about 90,000 times, and 750,000 people were reached through social media.”

    Engagement was necessary to the development of health and education precincts, which Ms Turnbull noted are critically important to any city or region. The Westmead health and education precinct, for instance, will attract more than $3.4 billion in government and private investment over next 10 years. It has the potential to increase the workforce from 18,000 to 50,000 by 2036. The number of students is also expected to grow, from 2,000 in 2016 to 9,000 by 2036.

    She extrapolated what the approaches developed in Greater Sydney might mean for Greater Newcastle. Ms Turnbull said that the bones are in place already for the growth of our health, education and innovation precincts. She cited the John Hunter Hospital campus and the University of Newcastle as key assets for Greater Newcastle.

    “It will only be brought to its full potential with a lot of collaboration, across health and education, and with all of the people who will drive innovation and the services that make that possible,” she said.

    That includes having good local restaurants, walkways and cycle ways. Walkability and connectivity are critical to liveability, Ms Turnbull said. They also help in attracting and retaining talented people.

    “Do not underestimate the importance of lifestyle, which you have in great abundance,” Ms Turnbull said. “As an urbanist, I am amazed by the transformation of Newcastle’s urban precinct with the light rail. Removing the heavy rail, which divided the CBD from the river and the harbour, has created a visual transformation.”

    Newcastle has the best topography of anywhere in the world, best assets in terms of health and education, and the greatest potential to do brilliantly in the future, Ms Turnbull stated. It has the potential to leverage these assets through collaboration.

    “It is important to have the Hunter Research Foundation Centre, the newly emerged Committee for the Hunter and other groups working toward this end,” she explained. “It is only through collaboration, conversation and engagement that you develop a really good visitor economy and a dynamic and diversified economy.”

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  • Q&A: Sander Van Amelsvoort and Dr Anthea Bill

    Wednesday, 5 June, 2019

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    This is an edited transcript of question time, which was moderated by Professor Will Rifkin, Director of the HRF Centre. It was recorded at the Hunter Economic breakfast in Newcastle on 16 May. 

    Q: What cultural or geographical factors do you think helped Eindhoven to use their crisis to its advantage whereas other communities haven’t?

    Sander Van Amelsvoort: In a country as small as the Netherlands, if you are not involved in trade and innovation, good luck to you. Cultural and geographical factors are big determinants in this context. I was recently asked about this in the context of Australia. I think that the ‘tyranny of distance’ is very rapidly being replaced by the ‘promise of proximity’. Directly to your north, you have an Asian century taking off. That move will be of historical proportions, which means that the opportunities are of historical proportions. However, the competition will be as well. For a long time, Australia has had the benefit of being insulated from some of those competitive factors.

    When you ask the question – what is the future of Newcastle, or of Australia? – you need to consider it in the context of this changing geo-political landscape.

    Angus Maddison was a British economist who mapped out the world economy from 1st century AD. He found that, for the first 17 of the past 20 centuries, China and India generated half the world’s economy. When the Industrial Revolution comes along in the 18th century, we see a two or three century ‘exceptional period’, I suppose you may call it. What we are seeing now is that new convergence, where most people recognise the rise of China as something. This is interesting, because when people think about the rise of China or the Asian Century, they often tend to think about what has happened in the last 30 to 40 years. However, if you look at it using Maddison’s perspective, it is really a return to the historical equilibrium. The question for Newcastle, and Australia, is: what is your role in that world?

    Q: What role do you think organised labour can play in supporting innovation? Why are they generally not invited to the conversation?

    Dr Anthea Bill: I have not done any research specifically into the role of organised labour in supporting innovation. However, I do know what we learned from some work that we did at Hunter Research Foundation, speaking to 54 manufacturers across the region during a crisis in manufacturing. We saw substantial job losses in manufacturing. By interviewing some of the Hunter’s high performing advanced manufacturers, we identified the value of empowering innovation across an organisation, from the ground up, and through all levels. Ensuring that everyone is committed to innovation, whether they work in marketing, management or conducting a routine, low-skill operation, was one of the key factors. It was successful in infusing innovation across an organisation, which led to success in that innovation space. I am not sure why workers are not currently at the table.

    Sander Van Amelsvoort: In northern Europe, particularly in the Netherlands and Germany, it is something that is part of every business council, called ‘Works Councils’. The really successful middle enterprises in Germany that have global reach have Works Councils, with labour leaders on their boards. That is mandated by law. That is a really interesting model. There are some down-sides to that as well. What it does do is to draw that aspect into the conversation. It helps those businesses to understand what kinds of accommodations they need to make in order to be competitive. Where does investment play a part and where does our labour force play a part? This could be another thing you could think about doing here – to explore those examples from northern Europe.

    Professor Will Rifkin: I had a doctoral student who looked at dialogue between communities and mining companies. She landed on that key question – who is in the room taking part in the dialogue and who isn’t? When you think of organised labour, you think, who else is not in the room?

    Q: A recurring theme throughout Festival events has been the difficulty for start-ups to source funding locally or otherwise. How do we reduce this barrier to entry?

    Sander Van Amelsvoort: I am not too familiar with the funding environment here. I do know that access to capital for start-ups in Australia is a real issue. It is not only a question of whether there is enough capital. There is also the question of whether there are enough start-ups to spend the capital.

    People often ask why Australia’s super funds can’t set aside a proportion of their investment capital portfolios to invest in start-ups. In my previous role at the Committee for Melbourne, we have found that the super funds often can’t justify finding the resources to build the knowledge required to set up that extra part of their portfolio. It is a key thing to think about. How can you build knowledge and awareness of these tactics among super funds in Australia? You also need a new risk mindset, so super funds have to consider how that would play out in their whole portfolio.

    Another thing is the breadth and depth of the innovation system. Last night, at dinner, we spoke about the biotechnology research capabilities, particularly in Melbourne but also here in Newcastle. We have very strong capability in research but not in development. That has to do with many factors, including the small number of people who have experienced commercialisation in this sector from end to end. That also means that investors often don’t really understand that sector.

    For example, with tech-start-ups, they often just need $100,000 and a couple of laptops, a lot of coffee and off they go. Biomedical research, a key strength in Australia, is a very different game. They are usually longer projects and involve a greater level of investment with high levels of uncertainty. These are the kind of projects that need to be tackled. Apparently, a lot of biotechnology companies listing as a way of raising capital because they can’t find it anywhere else. People in the industry are saying that they are often under-valued on the stock exchange because investors can’t see the value as clearly as they can in some other investments.

    Professor Will Rifkin: In relation to the last question on why labour isn’t at the table, why aren’t the financial institutions at the table too?

    Q: How do you manage the previous workforce and ensure the skill base that previously drove a city is not left behind?

    Dr Anthea Bill: Some recent work by Alpha Beta on the future of jobs highlights the need for Australians, and Australian education providers on all levels, to better understand the need for continuous learning. That is one strategy for ensuring people are not left behind. Also, we need very deliberate and concerted efforts to ensure that there are policies and government programs in place to support potentially marginalised workers. There are already some normal safeguards for people. However, we will probably need new programs to identify and foster pathways into future work and education.

    Sander Van Amelsvoort: This is probably one of the defining questions of our time, given the rate of technological change. I am not sure what the statistics are for the current workforce. However, the Foundation for Young Australians has estimated that the average university graduate today is expected to have 17 different jobs across five different sectors. I have young daughters and I believe the chances of them going through the same kind of educational experiences that I have enjoyed are very small. I suspect that by the time they grow up, the idea of signing up for a university degree for four years, at the end of which you qualify for a profession, will be entirely different. I suspect it will be much more about lifelong learning, continual upskilling, micro-credentialing, and learning how to ensure your credentials are recognised.

    It is hard to think about education needs in the 21st century. We talk about STEM skills in Australia, which are needed. We also need to have a discussion about the enterprise skills that are needed because more and more functions in the economy are going to be increasingly automated. What does that mean for your unique value as an employee? That is around critical thinking, negotiating, creativity, problem solving and team-playing. It is also about how you manage an increasing portfolio of skills, as you upskill throughout your working life. How do you manage a portfolio of jobs in the gig economy, where on Monday I work for one business, on Tuesday for another and in between I run my own business? These are all fundamental questions we have to grapple with if we want to maintain a competitive workforce.

    Dr Anthea Bill: To involve all the elements in the city working collaboratively is a great step toward addressing some of the social problems that might come out of automation.

    Q: How can Newcastle elevate collaboration (between business, civic leadership & the community) above the often mundane & immature realpolitik?

    Sander Van Amelsvoort: First of all you need a shared sense of what the changes are going to be. Nobody is going to be immune from changes taking place that are outside our control. Technology, international politics, economic events, ecological trends – all these things are beyond our control. They cannot be solved at the local level or even on the national level. We do need to have a shared idea, as a society and as a community, of what changes are out there for us.

    How do we want to navigate them? Having the ability to pull together around just that question is really powerful. To overcome the mundane and immature realpolitik, you need to first understand that we are all in this together. That takes time. You need to go back and forth, and sit down at the table again and again. There is no shortcut.

    Dr Anthea Bill: I recollect comments from David Bartlett at the Hunter Economic Breakfast in March. When speaking about Tasmania’s response to the establishment of the Museum of Old and New Art. He talked about the need for more progressive thinking and investment in the arts. There is a role for the media, and for leaders, in not under-estimating the understanding and sophistication of the populace. Even framing the question is a challenge for our leadership and our participation in the region.

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